What Is Centralized Imperial Rule

4 Restoration of centralized imperial rule in China The Tang Dynasty lasted nearly 300 years and changed Chinese society. Emperor Tan Taizong`s leadership based on Confucian ideals emphasizing relationships and doing what was best for his subjects. Increased maintenance of transport and communication systems. Use of military power to expand into Manchuria, Central Asia, Korea and Vietnam Implementation of tributary relations to institutionalize relations and promote trade, cultural exchanges and diplomatic relations with East Asia. The military and internal rebellion eventually weakened the empire, and the mandate from heaven was taken away from Emperor Tang in 907, and control fell to the military leaders. 3 Restoration of centralized imperial rule in China The Yang Jian Sui Dynasty restored centralized imperial rule in China through the use of strict political discipline and military force. Lead to the ephemeral construction of granaries,, defensive walls and fortifications during the Sui Dynasty. Sending forces to Central Asia and Korea Mandatory works High taxes levied to pay for Grand Canal projects – the Sui Yangdi construction project, which led to cultural and political unity in China. Connected economies of northern and southern China with 1500 miles of canals and roads. Built with forced labor and high taxes that led to resentment. The Han Dynasty was founded in 206 BC. J.-C. by Liu Pang (256-195 BC), who led a civil war faction against the tyrannical King Ch`in Cheng (c.

259-210 BC). Liu Pang learned from Cheng`s mistakes and tried to develop a political structure that would bring stability and unity to the burgeoning empire. The Han government retained a key element of the Ch`in organization: it recognized the need for a strong and centralized government. However, this belief was tempered by Confucian sentiments that emphasized moral virtue and moderation rather than harsh legal policies. The Han also made another innovation: the introduction of a bureaucracy based on merit and competence rather than birth. The science of public administration was introduced as an imperial school and established for the training of civil servants. In addition, a system of entry into the bureaucracy has been put in place. This change has ensured a professional and efficient state. After 200 years, han rule was briefly interrupted (9-24 AD). by Wang Mang or a reformer) and then restored for another 200 years. However, the Han rulers were unable to adapt to what centralization had brought: a growing population, growing wealth, and the resulting financial hardship and rivalries, as well as increasingly complex political institutions.

Sprinkled with the corruption characteristic of the dynastic cycle, the Han Empire collapsed around 220 AD. The beginning of the Han Dynasty was a time of peace and prosperity – a welcome change after centuries of war. China has experienced population and economic growth, as well as territorial expansion. At their peak, the Han trade routes extended to the Mediterranean Sea (via the famous Silk Road), and the territories of present-day Korea and Vietnam were placed under Han rule. During the reign of Liu Ch`e (156-87 BC). Chr.) The Han sphere of influence extended to Central Asia. The Roman Republic was founded in 509 BC. J.-C.C after the overthrow of the last Etruscan king to reign over Rome. The next government in Rome served as a representative democracy in the form of a republic. Initially, the richest families in Rome, the patricians, had power, and only they could hold political or religious positions. All the others were considered plebeians, and no member of this group could hold office.

Over a period of nearly 200 years, however, the plebeians fought for power within the government and won it. At the heart of the Roman Republic was the Senate. The Senate deliberated on matters concerning the rules of the city and the population. In the Republic, members of the patrician class served as advisers to the other governing bodies of the Republic. Although the Senate did not formally pass laws, the prestige of its members gave the Senate great influence over the legislative bodies of Rome. The Senate existed only for a short time as the only governing body of the Republic and lasted from the founding of the Republic in 509 BC. C to 494 BC C.E., when a strike orchestrated by the plebeians led to the creation of the Concilium Plebis or the Council of the Plebe. This gave the plebeians a voice in the government. As a result, new legislative or legislative bodies of the Roman Republic were formed. These legislative bodies, called assemblies, divided power as follows: After a brief civil war, a new dynasty called Han (206 BC.C.